Countermeasures for the development of the hottest

2022-07-24
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The general idea of the development of Agricultural Mechanization in Jianning county is: emancipate the mind, forge ahead, and implement the scientific concept of development; Adhere to the concept of "people-oriented, coordinated and sustainable development" to develop agricultural mechanization; Insist on paying equal attention to efficiency improvement and economy, take promoting agricultural production and efficiency and increasing farmers' income as the goal, take scientific and technological progress and mechanism innovation as the driving force, take policies and regulations as the guarantee, and take projects as the carrier to continuously improve the quality of agricultural machinery and equipment; Gradually develop the agricultural machinery service industry, and strive to improve the utilization rate of agricultural machinery and operation efficiency; We will vigorously promote the application of new technologies and machines for agricultural mechanization and promote the all-round development of agricultural mechanization. In the work, focusing on the characteristic agricultural structure, adjusting measures to local conditions, the demonstration content, selecting advanced applicable technologies and the integrated application of machines and tools as the goal, the agricultural mechanization demonstration area in our county will be built into a comprehensive integrated application base of Agricultural Mechanization Science and technology, a management service mechanism innovation base and a modern agricultural demonstration base, so as to explore a new road for the development of Agricultural Mechanization in mountain counties for the middle stage to the advanced stage of China's agricultural mechanization development, According to the above development ideas, the following countermeasures should be taken for the development of Agricultural Mechanization in the future:

3.1 improve the supporting policies, increase the investment in agricultural mechanization

fully implement the law of the people's Republic of China on the promotion of agricultural mechanization, establish and improve the supporting policies including subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery, fuel subsidies, credit and tax incentives, agricultural machinery insurance, standard farmland construction, and gradually form a policy guided by government investment, Farmers are willing to invest in a diversified and multi-channel investment system, establish a long-term policy support development mechanism, and mobilize farmers' enthusiasm for the development of agricultural mechanization. We will further improve the methods for agricultural machinery subsidies, gradually expand the scope of subsidies, increase the total amount of subsidies, and focus on supporting the demonstration and promotion of new technologies and machines for agricultural machinery, technical training, experimental demonstration and service system construction

3.2 optimize equipment structure and develop applicable agricultural machinery

focus on the characteristic agricultural structure of our county, select advanced and applicable technologies and integrated application of machines and tools according to local conditions, expand agricultural machinery and equipment, actively change the growth mode of agricultural machinery, drive stock optimization with incremental adjustment, promote structural upgrading with stock optimization, and realize the synchronous adjustment of agricultural structure and agricultural machinery and equipment; While steadily promoting the growth of night keeping capacity of agricultural machinery, efforts should be made to adjust the proportion of large and medium-sized machinery and small machinery, power machinery and supporting machinery, planting machinery and machinery required by other industries in rural areas, and greatly increase the proportion of agricultural machinery and equipment; Actively guide farmers to purchase advanced, economical and applicable agricultural machinery. Further integrate the existing agricultural machinery and equipment, optimize the combination and supporting facilities, concentrate on advantageous industries and tilt towards important links

3.3 break through the key and difficult points in the promotion of new machines and tools

the promotion of new machines and tools should keep pace with the times, not only meet the current needs of the mountain, but also combine the future development. In view of the bottleneck problems in the current promotion of new machines and tools, the current promotion of new machines and tools should focus on breakthroughs: rice production mechanized breeding, seedling transplanting and planting machinery, semi feeding combined harvesting machinery, fruit mountain operation machinery, large and medium-sized tillage and finishing machinery, tobacco ridge forming and film covering integrated machine, soil cultivator Cigarette knitting machine, peeling and baking machine, etc

3.4 guarantee the promotion force of agricultural mechanization

establish a three-level agricultural machinery promotion system at the county, township and village levels to ensure that the promotion personnel and funds are in place. Ensure the orderly promotion of agricultural mechanization

3.5 accelerate talent training, build a development platform

establish a long-term training mechanism for agricultural mechanization talents, based on agricultural machinery and facing the society, cultivate agricultural mechanization professionals at different levels who do not make instruments and meters a direct operating tool for human beings to understand and transform the world, and provide talent support for the development of agricultural mechanization. Make full use of the existing agricultural mechanization education and training base, focus on technical training, and strengthen the training of agricultural mechanization management team, agricultural machinery professionals, agricultural machinery operators and technicians. Strengthen the on-the-job training of agricultural machinery management, promotion, teaching and supervision personnel, and cultivate a number of agricultural mechanization professionals. Relying on Agricultural Mechanization schools, we should establish agricultural mechanization education and training bases, base ourselves on agriculture, face the countryside and the market, and carry out a variety of technical and talent training according to local conditions, so as to build the agricultural mechanization schools into a training and education base for farmers' vocational skills and a training position for the transfer of rural labor

3.6 strengthen organizational leadership and create a development atmosphere

the development of agricultural mechanization is inseparable from the attention and care of Party committees and governments at all levels and the cooperation and support of relevant departments. First of all, the work of agricultural mechanization should be included in the agenda of Party committees and governments at all levels, and the work of agricultural mechanization should be included in the objective management system assessment. Secondly, formulate supporting policies for the development of agricultural mechanization, constantly solve new situations and problems in the development process, strengthen organization and leadership, and create a development atmosphere. In order to realize the organic matching of agricultural machinery and agronomy, we should strengthen the division of labor and cooperation between agricultural departments and agricultural machinery departments to jointly promote the effectiveness of new agricultural machinery

3.7 strengthen the guiding role of new machinery promotion, demonstration and test demonstration

in order to fully demonstrate the progressiveness, superiority and practicality of advanced agricultural machinery, so that farmers can personally feel that agricultural machinery can also be used in mountainous areas, all localities should go deep into villages and fields to strengthen the guiding role of new machinery demonstration and publicity, check the compensation line and revise the load summation table test demonstration, So that the advantages and benefits of agricultural machinery and agricultural mechanization technology can be seen, felt and felt by farmers, and stimulate farmers' enthusiasm for purchasing and applying new machines and tools

3.8 strengthen the service system and improve the overall benefits

actively guide the development of the agricultural machinery socialized service group as a new nano material fabric with the thinnest, strongest strength and strongest conductive and thermal conductivity found so far and the construction of the agricultural machinery socialized service system; Following the principle of "farmers' voluntariness, democratic management, mutual assistance and cooperation, risk sharing and benefit sharing", on the basis of focusing on the development of large farmers of agricultural machinery, accelerate the cultivation and development of agricultural machinery professional cooperative service organizations in various forms, such as machinery combination, technology combination and service combination, so as to improve the utilization rate of agricultural machinery and the overall benefit of agricultural mechanization. Actively promote the construction of agricultural mechanization information service system, and drive the development of agricultural mechanization with informatization. Support and guide agricultural machinery service organizations to provide a series of agricultural machinery operation services such as farming, planting and collection for farmers, large planting and breeding households and agricultural food industry, continuously improve the service capacity, expand the service scale, improve the service quality and efficiency, make it a modern agricultural operation organization that leads agricultural machinery to carry out agricultural machinery operation services, and promote the transformation of agricultural production mode

3.9 promote appropriate scale operation of agriculture with agricultural machinery, improve the level of intensive agricultural production

support and guide agricultural producers and operators to establish new agricultural machinery service organizations such as agricultural machinery cooperatives and agricultural machinery operation companies with various forms of ownership through the combination of machinery, land, capital, technology and other production factors; Support and guide agricultural machinery service organizations to contract and operate idle and transferred land, and promote appropriate scale operation of agriculture

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